In engineering design projects, engineers have to enter component data into their design tools. This process is usually manual, because even though data sheets are mostly provided in digital format (e.g. PDF files), the data is not machine-readable. Furthermore, the data sheets follow no standard in terms of design and terminology, resulting in misunderstanding and lack of data provenance information. Ideally, all component suppliers would offer data in machine-readable, standard format. However, this is an unrealistic scenario, at least for the time being.
Managing physical assets in the constructed environment, such as roads and bridges, but also artefacts in buildings, is increasingly information intensive. With the advent of new technologies, such as sensoring and digital twins, expectations are rising. The asset manager needs information to plan maintenance activities, to meet compliance requirements, and more. Other parties need information about the assets for other purposes, such as traffic management, safety and incident response. The data is obtained from a variety of sources, such as contractors.